They appear transiently or permanently and seem independent from each other :
Non-specific symptoms of lupus :
Specific symptoms of lupus :
*Erythema in the shape of butterfly wings on the face,
*Mucosal ulcers especially buccal,
*Photosensitivity : abnormal facility of occurrence of sunburn,
*Arthritis (joint inflammation),
*Kidney (appearance of protein in the urine, renal failure),
*Blood cells problems : anemia, bleeding by decrease in platelet,
*Central nervous system involvement : abnormal movements, paralysis….
Other common symptoms :
*Raynaud’s phenomenon (painful hypersensitivity of extremities to cold),
*Dry eye or mouth syndrom.